Gum Disease

Located in the Financial District of New York City, The Exchange Dental Group makes it easy to receive all the dental treatment you need in one place. Learn more about the periodontal services we provide below.

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is an infection that damages the soft tissue surrounding the tooth causing inflammation. Plaque is a film that forms on the tooth caused by bacteria. Without treatment, this plaque hardens into tartar, or calculus. It can spread below the gum line, making it hard to clean, and eventually destroy the bone that supports and holds your tooth in place leading to tooth mobility and tooth loss. The early form of gum disease is called gingivitis. At this stage, the gums can be treated and damage is reversible. Periodontitis is a more serious form of gum disease and what precedes gingivitis when bone loss occurs and damage is irreversible. A dental health professional must use special tools and techniques to remove the tartar to prevent bone destruction and stop the periodontal disease process.

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